Intertextuality is based on the principle that each text is related to previous texts. Postmodern writers, who have turned to old texts with their distrust of reality, have given a great legitimacy to intertextuality. Mustafa Kutlu, who has a unique place in contemporary Turkish short story, is against the intellectual aspect of postmodernism; however, he also benefits from postmodernism’s influence on literature and uses metafiction and intertextuality extensively. Attributing the meaning of connecting with tradition and his own literary past to intertextuality, the author constructs his story, Tahir Sami Bey’in Özel Hayatı, by making references and allusions to the four texts he is influenced by. In this study, the textual background of the aforementioned story of Kutlu is discussed in two stages. The short story in question is compared with Ahmet Mithat’s Müşahedat and Sait Faik’s “Birahanedeki Adam” in terms of its use of metafiction and narrator discourse. Then, the similarities between Tahir Sami Bey’in Özel Hayatı and Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar’s Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü and Sabahattin Ali’s Kürk Mantolu Madonna are examined. Through this comparative reading, this study attempts to reveal the function attributed to intertextuality by Mustafa Kutlu.