Socialist Realism, which was adopted as a policy in line with the views of M. Gorky, Karl Radek and N. I. Bukharin at the Congress of the Union of Soviet Writers convened in 1934 after the 1917 October Revolution in Russia, and “art for society” in line with the principles of Marx and Engels. based on the concept. This initiative, which thinks that art should be under the control of the party, aimed to end the conflict between people and society and to bring a labor-centered, egalitarian order with a revolution. Determining the function of art as "reflection", socialist realists, who look at life from a Marxist window, not only criticize the ongoing situation, but also show the society a way. The reality of society is reflected in the works in the context of cause and effect within the framework of this understanding. Socialist realist writers take sides in their works and show what kind of individual and society they desire with idealized "types". Sadri Ertem's novel "Çıkriklar Durunca", which is the subject of the study, has been accepted as the first socialist realistic novel in Turkish literature. The work, which focuses on the economic problems caused by the privileges given by the Ottomans to the Western states, through the symbol of “Çıkrık”, also suggests ways out of the society. In this context, in this study, it will be determined how the elements of Positive human (type), revolutionary romanticism, guidance/partisanship, historical optimism, socialist/revolutionary humanism, purposefulness, nationalism, epic narrative, and incompatibility with the bourgeois ideology are reflected in the novel "When the Çıkırklar Stops".