THE TURKISH POET NAZIM HİKMET AND POLAND
Nazım Hikmet is one of the marginal artists of XX. Century Turkish Literature. His marginality is due to his ideological opinion and breaking the traditional patterns of Turkish poetry. Due to his Marxist opinion, he conflicted with the system. Because of his marginal opinions he spent his 13 years of his life in prisons between 1925 and 1950. In this study, Nazım Hikmet’s leaving Turkey in 1951 and Poland section of his yearning for country will be discussed. He had no passport while leaving the country. Why he was accepted to the citizenship of Poland and issued a Polish passport will be clarified. In addition, Nazım Hikmet’s ties with Poland and relationships with the Poles, where and how he received the Polish surname “Borzenski” and the poems he wrote on Poland will be discussed. Finally, how Münevver Andaç, Nazım Hikmet was married to before leaving Turkey, was met by the Poles in 1960 and how he found a job for her at the Institute of Oriental Studies at the University of Warsaw will be clarified.
Nazım Hikmet, Poland, Borzenski, the Institute of Oriental Studies at the University of Warsaw.