Abstract The mutual heritage of humanity is carried/transferred to the future with symbols in fictional texts. The focal points of symbols are considered as archetypes and themes. Archetypes can be analyzed symbolically in narratives that are intertwined with “separation-maturation-return” formula, which was called by Joseph Campbell as “mono-mythos”, originating from rituals and mythos. The poem of Sezai Karakoç “Masal” is a fictional text in which the narration aspect comes to the forefront. The expressions used in the text and the emotion that dominates the entire text lead the reader to the fictitious world of narration. The meaningful journey in this world is performed by analyzing the language of the archetypes in the text. The “deceitful shadow”, “supreme individual”, “belly of the whale”, “anima”, and “phase” archetypes take part throughout the adventure, woven with symbolic values in this fiction. It was found in the poem “Masal” that the common tendency of humanity to create texts is proven by applying archetypal symbolism to fictitious texts. Humans create common texts as an indicator of conscious change-transformation with a cumulative reflection of centuries. It is seen after analyzing the archetypes that are reflected in the fictitious texts that humanity creates texts by using symbols of the collective unconscious, and the hidden meanings behind the texts are revealed.

Sezai Karakoç, “masal” (i.e. fairy tale), archetype, shadow, supreme individual.