The change and development in the West, which started with the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1700s, re-arranged the future of the world. Steamships, railways, opened factories; as it rearranges the labor-capital relationship, it also takes the interstate relations to a more pragmatic dimension. States that grow with the support of technological development; they start looking for new colonial areas because of new resources, new markets. The prosperity provided by this development and change in the West is admired by the intellectuals of the backward countries. In time, the intellectuals/artists of the backward countries begin to emulate the intellectual resources and artistic accumulation of the developed countries; in this period, which coincides with the decline of the Ottoman Empire, Ottoman intellectuals also emulate the West and clash with their own resources. Turkish poetry in the Tanzimat period, just like this civilization takes shape at a time of crisis. The Ottoman intellectual /artist, who forgets that change must pass through a certain thought formation and who is deluded that Western gains can be achieved with a mere emulational approach, experience great confusion at the threshold of the distance between what is and what should be. In this study; the conflicts, contradictions and dilemmas in the world of thought and emotion reflected in the Tanzimat period Turkish poetry will be traced.