In agricultural societies, the material of communist propaganda has been sought in rural life. Therefore, in literary works, the economic/administrative structures of agricultural societies have been subject and criticized in this context. In this article, the novels İnce Memed, Bereketli Topraklar Üzerinde and Rahmet Yolları Kesti by three important Marxist-socialist novelists, who entered an intense production process in the 1940s and published political novels in the 1950s, are examined. These novels’ subjects are political concepts and problems, especially social class conflicts in rural life. In this study, the political issues in the novels mentioned were discussed and the solution suggestions of the authors to these issues were discussed.