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Abstract


A RESEARCH ON THE NARRATIONS OF ORHAN PAMUK WITH REFERENCE TO THE ORIENTALIST THEORY OF EDWARD W. SAID
Orientalism built on the relationship between the West and the East which has been interacting for centuries, is an area of knowledge based on the way that the West sees the East. It was observed that orientalism which was initially an institutional field based on Eastern knowledge became a discourse by gaining a theoretical opening with Edward W. Said's book Orientalism Western Conceptions of the Orient (1978). Said, who was inspired by the books called Bilginin Arkeolojisi (1969) and Hapishanenin Doğuşu (1975) of Michel Foucault, has transformed orientalism into a form of discourse with a humanistic approach shaped by texts on a fictional ground based on the assumption that knowledge is a non-objective, productive phenomenon and closely related to power. In this article, the appearance of orientalism in postmodern narrative will be revealed with subjecting to an examination to the narrations called Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları (1982), Sessiz Ev (1983), Beyaz Kale (1985), Kara Kitap (1990), Yeni Hayat (1994), Benim Adım Kırmızı (1998), Kar (2002), Masumiyet Müzesi (2008) and Kafamda Bir Tuhaflık (2014) of Orhan Pamuk who is one of the main authors of the postmodern Turkish novel, in the context of Edward W. Said's theory of orientalism.

Keywords
Orientalism, Edward W. Said, orientalist discourse, representation, knowledge-power, postmodernism,


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