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Abstract


ANÂSIR-I ERBAA IN THE POEMS OF NECİP FAZIL KISAKÜREK
The four elements (earth, water, air, and fire) that determine the essence of nature and existence—in other words, anâsır-ı erbaa—constitute the foundation of most philosophical thoughts in shaping the meaning, essence, and even sometimes the answer to the question of life. These four elements, which are the constituents of existence, are in fact the foundations of the universe. In this regard, humankind, in its search for a connection between the creation of the universe and human, deems these elements to be sacred components. Humankind, intuiting an ontological connection between its own existence and nature, internalizes nature with the mediation of these four elements. Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, who senses the ontological connection between nature and man, conveys this connection through text and uses anâsır-ı erbaa with different weights of meaning and connotation within the harmony of the simulacra and symbols of poetry. Necip Fazıl used the word “water” 57 times, the word “earth” 32 times, the word “fire” 24 times, and the word “air” 10 times in his poems. These elements, which have been used with mystical and metaphysical connotations, play a crucial role in the poet’s search for ego. In this study, the components of anâsır-ı erbaa in Necip Fazıl Kısakürek’s poems will be discussed according to their frequency of occurrence under the headings of “water”, “earth”, “fire”, and “air”.

Keywords
Necip Fazı Kısakürek, Poem, Anasır-ı Erbaa, Earth, Water, Air, Fire.


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